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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

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THE UNITED STATES.
443
TABLE XXII-A.—Continued.
District.
Open Hearth Furnaces.
Acid.
Average
capacity.
Basic.
Steel castings not included in foregoing.
No.
Average
capacity.
No.
Average
capac ity.
Steel; all kinds.
Output; tons.
Per
cent.
of total.
1 Pittsburgh...............
2 Illinois...................
8 Cleveland, Ohio.........
4 Johnstown, Pa..........
6 Southeastern Penn......
6 Steelton, Fa
Sparrow's Point, Md.
30 25 25 35 30 45
33
40 40 30 40 40 40
18 15 10 4 20 15
8 Scran ton, Pa.
9 New England. 10 Alabama......
15
Colorado.
11                             _____
12 New York and New Jer-|
sey
13 Lehigh Valley, Pa
14 Missouri...........
15 Hanging Hock, Ohio
16 Other parts of Ohio......
17 Other parts of Penn.....
18 Tenneessee..............
19 Wisconsin and Minn....
13
40 45
20 40
11 20
30
10 '26'
15
20
Michigan.,
21 Kentucky
22 Indiana...
23 Delaware.
Total.
20 15 7 30 50
15
15 15
20
25 30 50
(7,317,000) 1,750,000 870,000 656000 629,000 427,000 352,000 352.00C 173,000 (150 000) (150,000)
107,000 69,000
(50,000) 15,000
165,000 53000
(189,000)
20
84
204
103
13,474,000
54.3 13.0 6.4 4.9 4.7 3.2 2.6 2.6 1.3 1.1 1.1
0.8 0.5 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.4
1.4
ilOO.O
per year, or about half the steel made in the country, was made by the Bessemer process, and all of this went into rails. Prom 1872 to 1874 the annual production was about 140,000 tons, all of which was rail steel, and this represented about three-quarters of the steel output. From 1875 to 1879 the output of Bessemer increased fivefold over the period just previous, and averaged- 560,000 tons per year. A great part was made in the eastern portion of Pennsylvania, at Steelton, Johnstown, Bethlehem and Scranton; but the then new ' works of Edgar Thomson, at Pittsburgh, and the plants at Chicago and Cleveland had become factors of great importance. The Bessemer output during this time was 88 per cent, of the steel output of the country and all of it was rolled into rails.
From 1880 to 1882 the output more than doubled and almost all was put into rails.   During this period there was a marked increase